Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
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Monroe Carell Jr.
Children's Hospital
at Vanderbilt
2200 Children's Way
Nashville, TN 37232


(615) 936-1000

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General Oncology

 

Following are some of the cancer conditions we treat.

Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow, the organ that produces blood cells. It is the most common type of childhood cancer representing approximately 25 percent of all cancers diagnosed in children and adolescents. Signs and symptoms of the disease are persistent fever, easy bruising, swollen glands, and pain in the extremities.

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This is a fast-growing cancer of the white blood cells. A lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell that fights infections in the body. In acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the bone marrow creates unformed cells (blasts) that normally would develop into lymphocytes. However, these blasts are abnormal and do not develop to fight infections. The number of abnormal cells (leukemia cells) grows quickly, crowding out the normal red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

This is a cancer of the myeloid line of white blood cells in which the infection-fighting cells do not mature fast enough, leaving the body vulnerable to anemia and infection. This is the most commonly diagnosed type of adult leukemia, but acute myelogenous leukemia is rare among children.

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This is a blood cancer involving the accumulation of granulocytes, a type of white blood cell in the bone marrow and bloodstream, leaving the body vulnerable to anemia, infection, and bleeding. This type of leukemia is also rare in children.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is the name for a group of blood cancers developing in the lymphatic system. Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) are the two main types.

Hodgkin Lymphoma usually presents with a painless and generally slow-growing swelling of lymph glands in the neck. Patients sometimes experience fever, night sweats, and weight loss.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) represents a diverse group of diseases distinguished by the characteristics of the cancer cells associated with each disease type.

Solid Organ Malignancies

Among other solid tumors, solid organ malignancies treated by our doctors include:

Retinoblastoma

A malignant intraocular tumor developing from retinal cells, usually occurring in children under age five. The tumors may involve just one eye or, if inherited, can occur in both eyes. Symptoms may include a painless abnormal appearance or glare to the eye.

Neuroblastoma

A malignant tumor arising from nerve tissue in the neck, chest, abdomen (adrenal gland), or pelvis. Neuroblastoma most commonly starts in the abdomen, either in the adrenal glands or around the spinal cord. Symptoms may include an abdominal mass, pain, neurological symptoms such as weakness or the inability to walk, and loss of appetite and weight loss.

Germ Cell Tumors

This diverse group of benign or malignant tumors usually arises in gonadal tissue, such as the ovaries or testes, and in extragonadal tissue found in the brain or chest.

Hepatic Tumors

These are tumors of the liver that occur infrequently in children and adolescents. Patients typically have an abdominal mass and usually appear quite ill.

Wilms Tumor

These tumors arise from the kidney and are the most common abdominal tumor in school-age children, usually presenting with a painless abdominal mass.

Visit Cancer.gov for pediatric cancer information summaries.


Last Edited: October 6, 2016
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