Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
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Monroe Carell Jr.
Children's Hospital
at Vanderbilt
2200 Children's Way
Nashville, TN 37232

(615) 936-1000

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Evaluation and Treatment


Diagnostic procedures used to determine the nature of the malformation may include:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    A diagnostic imaging technique that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce highly detailed images of the body
  • Ultrasound
    A diagnostic imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to form an image of the inside of the body.
  • Angiogram
    An X-ray of blood vessels. The doctor uses an injection of dye to outline the vessels on the X-ray.

Treatment Options
Treatment of vascular lesions and hemangiomas can also be complex. Treatments can include:

  • Supportive therapy (such as compression garments)
    Applying compression bandages or wearing compression garments presses the distended veins together from the outside and helps the blood get transported back to the heart
  • Laser therapy
    For some malformations, a laser can be used to remove the blood vessels
  • Sclerotherapy
    A solution is injected into the veins which causes the veins to close and shrink.
  • Surgery
    Sometimes the clusters of abnormal blood vessels can be surgically removed.
  • OK-432 Steroid Therapy
    OK-432 (Picibanil) sclerotherapy is a new treatment being pursued for rare malformations of the head and neck that affect the lymph system.
  • Propranolol Therapy
    Propranolol is a beta-blocker used to treat cardiac problems which has recently been found to be an effective treatment for hemangiomas.


Last Edited: December 4, 2014
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